What to Look for When You Choose a Bleach Filter System
Value Versus Price
The presence of heavy metals and suspended solids that occur as an inherent part
of any bleach production process adversely affects the quality of the bleach and
significantly shortens its shelf life.
The obvious response to the market demands for high quality bleach is to filter
your bleach. There are several technologies available to filter bleach - from bag
and cartridge filters, to vacuum filters, to pressure filters. There are low end
and high end options, widely varying performance standards, and significant differences
in pricing. The key is to select the system that offers the best combination of
benefit and cost.
The Powell Bleach Filter
System is superior to any other system available in terms of design, performance,
ease of operation, maintenance, and expected length of service life. While the system
costs more up front in comparison to other filtering techniques, it is usually far
more cost efficient in the long run. An objective evaluation of your filtering options
coupled with an analysis of cost versus value will demonstrate clearly that the
Powell Bleach Filter System
is your best filtering investment.
The design of the bleach filter system is a key factor and ultimately impacts all
other considerations. Some of the items to consider include the following:
A filter is not always a bleach filter. Filter systems are designed for a variety of liquids such as water, oils, chemicals,
and many other fluids, and are not typically interchangeable. The bleach filter system you select should be designed specifically
to filter bleach.
Sodium Hypochlorite can cause respiratory irritation if inhaled; likewise, contact with eyes or skin can cause severe irratation.
To eliminate the potential for worker exposure to bleach or bleach fumes - and accompanying issues with OSHA, EPA, etc. -
an appropriately designed bleach filter system should accommodate a totally enclosed pre-coat cycle, filtering cycle, and
Typically, the filter aid is a dust that can become airborne when handled during the filtering process.
The optimal filter process will accommodate major components of a ventilation system designed for appropriate dust removal
or collection and disposal.
Materials that come in contact with sodium hypochlorite must be able to withstand its strong corrosive and oxidizing tendencies on
a long-term basis. To ensure you receive the maximum value from your filter investment, consider only equipment with high-level
materials of construction that can stand up to the long-term demands of sodium hypochlorite service.
For long-term service life, only titanium pumps are able to stand up to the abrasive tendencies of the filter aid, as well as the
demanding service requirements of sodium hypochlorite. Pumps should allow for high throughput rates with high differential
pressures and long cycle times. High quality titanium pumps will also have low rpm and high quality seals for extended
In order to maintain useful service life for 30 years or longer, the pressure vessel should be of titanium and ASME coded.
Other materials of construction may seem appropriate for use with sodium hypochlorite. However, only titanium vessels will
stand up over time to the demands required of sodium hypochlorite production and filtration process equipment.
Prior to filtration, sodium hypochlorite produced in any production facility can typically have metal contamination in the range
of 1 ppm iron, 400 ppb nickel, and 60 ppb copper. Also, significant amounts of suspended solids will be in the solution.
The manufacturer of any system you consider should be able to guarantee the bleach can pass the Suspended Solids Test -
which is often included in industrial and municipal specifications - in 3 minutes or less. The filter system should also be
able to achieve a specified level of performance in terms of heavy metals elimination. Typically these levels should be less
than 0.2 to 0.3 ppm iron, less than 10 ppb nickel, and less than 10 ppb copper.
Good performance on an intermittent basis is not good enough. The filter system's performance should be consistent, repeatable, and
verifiable by any reputable laboratory in the US.
Superior filtration capabilities means it's possible to use a lower quality, less expensive grade of caustic to produce bleach of
an equivalent or higher quality than bleach made with expensive membrane grade caustic. This ability can significantly impact the
economics of bleach filter selection.
Over the service lifetime of a bleach filter system, control systems and components will become technologically obsolete.
If the system cannot accommodate key upgrades, the entire system will have to be replaced. The longer the anticipated service life
of the equipment, the more critical the ability to keep pace with current technology becomes.
Automated processes offer more than just convenience. The automated process produces a more consistent and reliable product,
runs faster than a manual processs, requires less personnel to run, and is - because of these factors - more cost-efficient.
Wastes are difficult and costly to dispose of safely and legally, making disposal a significant and expensive issue.
The solution is a bleach filtration system that can minimize - or virtually eliminate - disposal issues.
To avoid disposal expenses, consider a bleach filter system that offers the ability to reclaim backwash water.
When the wastewater, including the backwash water with spent filter aid is processed further, the spent filter aid is separated
from the backwash water, and the resulting liquids can be used in sodium hypochlorite production,
eliminating liquid disposal costs entirely.
The filter aid is discharged from the process equipment as a dry cake.
The dry cake must be analyzed for hazardous waste and can be disposed of accordingly.
The cost-benefit relationship is frequently overlooked in the equipment selection process.
A more expensive piece of equipment, offering superior performance, minimal maintenance cost, and 5 to 10 times the useful
service life is usually a much better investment than a shorter term, less expensive piece of equipment. In the case of a
bleach filter system, it's a situation when more really is more.
The Powell Bleach Filter System can outperform any other system available in terms of design, performance,
ease of operation and maintenance, and expected length of service life. However, as is always the case when it comes to quality,
superior performance costs more up front but is usually far more cost efficient in the long run.
An objective evaluation of your filtering options against the above criteria, coupled with an analysis of cost versus value,
will demonstrate clearly that the Powell Bleach Filter System is your best filtering investment.
Many accountants maintain that flexible payment terms can do more to improve your cash flow situation than a bargain-basement price.
Depending on circumstances and your situational preferences, Powell can offer financing in the form of a capital lease or an
operating lease. Typically, capital or operating leases can be structured so you are not required to disburse cash until the equipment
is delivered or - even more advantageous - the equipment is operating and generating cash flow.
If you would like more information on leasing options, contact us at 989.681.2158 or by using our Contact Form.
This article is available as a PDF. Click here to download it. For more information about filtering sodium
hypochlorite (bleach), visit the Technical Information section.